Brooklyn, Connecticut (1771) e present Meeting House was built in 1771, replacing an older structure located just to e nor west, across Hartford Road. Under e close church-state relationship at formed colonial New England, it was e responsibility of Brooklyn's taxpayers to erect a meeting house where e parish could ga er on Sunday. 23, · e political structure in e New England colonies was characterized by a high degree of self-rule, elected legislative assemblies, a governor appointed by e British, and town meetings. Much of at tradition in evolved from e idea of e New England town meeting, as reach settlement governed itself for all practical purposes. In e Sou, however, under e Anglican structure, e colonies were organized into parishes modeled on e stricture of e church. ose parishes often dictated e boundaries of counties. Colonial assemblies were made up of representatives elected by e freeholders and planters (landowners) of e province. ey were also called e House of Delegates, House of Burgesses, or Assembly of Freemen. 08, · e New England colonies were all originally charter colonies and were quite proficient at self-governing emselves, according to Alan Taylor in his book American Colonies: By virtue of eir especially indulgent charters, e New England colonies were virtually independent of crown au ority. e New England colonies and strict severe, democratic law. Each town, which was filled wi educated people, had a local au ority and held mon ly town meetings in e meeting hall. e. is assembly, e General Assembly (which became e House of Burgesses), first met on y 30, 1619. Al ough many differences arated Spain and France from England, perhaps e factor at contributed most to distinct pa s of colonization was e form of eir government. Spain and France had absolute monarchies, but Britain had a limited monarchy. Under a new charter, Massachusetts and Plymou were united for e first time in 1691 as e royal colony of Massachusetts Bay. e o er colonies at had come under e Dominion of New England quickly reinstalled eir previous governments. e Glorious Revolution had o er positive effects on e colonies. e New England Town • Government Town meeting - whites, males, household heads, church members, landowners Meeting house - met in church building Voice voting - usually unanimous Elected selectmen to administer town Covenant wi God town charter Not a eocracy, but religious leaders dominated • A conservative society Discouraged individualism and in ation Emphasized community . United States - United States - e New England colonies: Al ough lacking a charter, e founders of Plymou in Massachusetts were, like eir counterparts in Virginia, dependent upon private investments from profit-minded backers to finance eir colony. e nucleus of at settlement was drawn from an enclave of English émigrés in Leiden, Holland (now in e Ne erlands). Over 5,000 people living our fai in e Quaker tradition across e six New England states More an 90 local Quaker congregations where e practice of is fai is encouraged An organization providing programs and services to liberate ministry and streng en e Quaker movement. New England Colonies Colonial America Articles Article 4 1630-1638 e New England colonies were made up of e colonies of Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Hampshire, and Rhode Island. Geography and Climate e New England colonies were flat along e rocky coastline, which made good harbors. It became hilly and mountainous fur er inland. is equalitarian town design was in contrast to e direct grants of large estates found in New York and most o er colonies. Settlement Encourage for Defense and Income. like a modern corporation isions to make about roads, unsold lands, approval of new settlers, building e required meeting house, etc. New England’s Generation. e town approach did continue into e early 18 century, but it never got much beyond e New England colonies. e New York colony had town meetings, but it was voluntary. In e New England colonies, town meetings were required forms of government. e first building used as a church at e Plymou colony was e fort, and to it e Pilgrim fa ers and mo ers and children walked on Sunday reverently and gravely, ree in a row, e men fully armed wi swords and guns, till ey built a meeting-house in 1648. In o er New England settlements, e first services were held in tents, under trees, or under any shelter. New England colonies, for instance, which were e most resistant to royal control, conducted eir civil business pri ily rough e town meeting. e Middle Colonies, possibly reflective of greater e nic and religious heterogeneity, were more diverse in local government functions. Politics in e colonies differed tenfold. In New England, Puritan religion shaped e government and communities obeyed e rules of e bible. Towns had more self-government an most colonies, and even had meetings once a year where men who owned property could vote on e laws of eir town. Political issues generally centered on land. e creation of e Virginia House of Burgesses and e signing of e flower Compact showed at American colonists. New England Town Meeting. One reason traditions of self-government developed in e American colonies before e French and Indian was at e British. e Dominion of New England in Nor America was an administrative union of English colonies composed of present-day Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, and New Jersey. e union lasted from 1686–1689 and ultimately failed because it was too large for a single governor to manage. ere were four New England colonies: Massachusetts Bay, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Connecticut. e Massachusetts Bay colony was founded originally as e Plymou colony in 1620 by pilgrims from e flower, but it later became a royal colony wi e help of puritan John Win rop who helped found e Massachusetts Bay colony. e Massachusetts Bay Colony (1628–1691), more formally e Colony of Massachusetts Bay, was an English settlement on e east coast of America around e Massachusetts Bay, e nor ernmost of e several colonies later reorganized as e Province of Massachusetts Bay. e lands of e settlement were in sou ern New England, wi initial settlements on two natural harbors and surrounding. More colonies would be established in Connecticut – e Saybrook Colony in 1635, e Connecticut Colony in 1636, and e New Haven Colony in 1638. e Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations was established by settlers expelled from e Massachusetts Bay Colony because of eir unor odox religious opinions in 1836. a meeting house was located in e center of town where meetings were held and people went to church - in a large open field in front of e meeting house cows would graze and e army would practice. en houses for farmers surrounded e meeting house, and finally farms were located outside of town. New England Colonists. Between 1630 and 1640, approximately 13,000 English colonists arrived in Massachusetts. Most stayed while two to ree ousand chose to settle in e neighboring colonies of Plymou, Connecticut, New Haven, and Rhode Island. Unlike e immigrants to most English, French, and Spanish colonies, a majority of e settlers. New England town meeting e Sou ern colonies were less weal y an e New England colonies. Examples of Representative Government in e Colonies. Treaties Establishing e Right to Over row Oppressive Governments Texts . Well advertised roughout Europe, skilled artisans and farmers flocked to e new colony. Wi Philadelphia as its capital, Pennsylvania soon became e keystone of e English colonies. New Jersey was owned by Quakers even before Penn's experiment, and e remnants of New Sweden, now called Delae, also fell under e Friends' sphere of. e people who lived ere could only vote, too, in e government, if ey were white men who owned property. ese people had town meetings to discuss e changes in e colony. Most of e people living ere were all influenced by e sudden changes in ision on perspectives of living in different colonies. 29, · In e New England Colonies, small towns were e norm and e church was e center of life. meeting house, artisans’ shops, and homes. Town Meeting Simulation. During town meetings, all of e property-owning male residents of e town voted. is type of ision-making was unique because qualified residents were voting directly, as. e New England colonies were founded between 1620 and 1642, when e English Civil broke out. Wi e exception of Rhode Island, ese colonies (Plymou, Massachusetts Bay, New Haven, and Connecticut) were Puritan, and Puritanism influenced eir social morés, economics, and politics. Speech or behavior at causes people to work against a government: Frontier: e lands beyond e areas already settled. Common: A grassy area shared by e town's people and used for grazing sheep, cattle and o er livestock. Town Meeting: A time in New England town when people ga ered in a meeting house to vote on laws and elect leaders. Connecticut, New Hampshire, and Rhode Island. While ere were several large communities wi in e Bay Colony, e city of Boston became e capital for e group. A typical Puritan New England town was centered around a commons, or a central pasture for all to use. e meeting house, which was e main religious and community building. New England. 1635 First New England sawmill built New England and e Middle Colonies Main Idea In New England and e Middle Colonies, a diverse economy supported many large port cities. Key Terms and Names Grand Banks, fall line, town meeting, selectmen, meetinghouse, bill of exchange, triangular trade, artisan, entrepreneur, capitalist. 06, · e New England Confederation was a military alliance between e New England colonies of Plymou, Connecticut, New Haven and Massachusetts Bay in e 17 century.. e alliance was formed in 1643 to provide joint military support against attacks by Native-Americans, e French and e Dutch. Q. Virginia House of Burgesses(1619): Held its 1st meeting in 1619 - Had e power to make laws for e colonies - Was e 1st colonial assembly of elected representatives Which statement explains e significance of is colonial institution? Quiz e New England Colonies: A quiz on e New England Colonies 1600-1750 - Q1: e New England colonies consisted of _____. A meeting house for religious and social ga erings How did e New England colonists practice self government? ey . Apr 12, · New England’s main source of commerce was its fish and timber. Whales were common up e coast and became a valuable resource for e colonies. Timber was often exported back to England and furs were sold. By e time of e American Revolutionary, New England had become a weal y haven for merchants. Some of e major events of e. American colonies - American colonies - e Carolinas and Georgia: e lands sou of Virginia were also colonized under royal grants to great proprietors. Under Charles II a group of eight men obtained a grant of all Nor America between e 31st and 36 parallels. Two segments of is great domain were developed in very different ways. Sir John Colleton and An ony Ashley Cooper, who later. New England became a land of tightly knit communities. New England colonists worked on small farms, hunted, and fished e oceans. Each village had a meeting house in which people worshipped.At town meetings, settlers discussed and voted on many issues. e town meeting helped encourage e grow of democratic ideas in New England. New England Colonies, Middle Colonies, and Sou ern Colonies. Meeting House Common Barrel maker 2 Lesson. Rebels Start New Colonies He believed at government should tolerate people wi different religious views. To tolerate means to allow people to have beliefs or behaviors at are different from o ers. Puritans accused. OLD SPANISH HOUSE ON BOURBON STREET, NEW ORLEANS. Mr. John Fiske, in his admirable text-book, Civil Government in e United States, makes is observation: In New England, e township was e unit of representation, but in Virginia e parish . Describe a Puritan village in at least 3 sentences. Some ings at took place at a meeting house were _____. _____ brought e second group of Puritans to e Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630 and served as eir governor several times over twenty years. e reason at e Puritans settled in e Massachusetts Bay Colony was at _____.